The timescales for mass autonomous driving remain unclear. What we know is that this is not an ‘if’ scenario, merely a question of when, and in the meantime the question is one of transitioning from ADAS to fully autonomous vehicles. We’ll be exploring legal issues, questions of liability and responsibility, the benefits to society, and some of the possible shocks that could develop.
We will also explore auto industry updates on how autonomous car systems are coming to fruition, based on test and evaluation programs, reviews of pilot projects, lessons learned and plans for larger-scale deployments.
This stream will also explore how mass autonomous vehicle deployment could spell the end for high-speed rail and we’ll be asking if the investment in expensive long-distance rail projects would be better spent on developing ultra-high speed highways for urban and inter-urban platooning, and on-demand underground and surface autonomous vehicle networks.
A theme of this session will be why autonomous cars are trains and why trains cannot compete using 200-year-old technology.
engineering group manager - automated driving
Aptiv Services Deutschland GmbH
Synopsis: @CITY aims to generate a new, automated driving experience for safe, stress-free, efficient and comfortable driving in the city. In the @CITY project, the research partners strive to understand the challenges of urban automated driving and generate added value not only for the driver, but also for other road users. The ultimate goal of @CITY is to implement automated driving functions in experimental vehicles and to test them under realistic conditions of highly dense and complicated urban scenarios. Presented will be objectives, project structure, partners involved and their technical approaches, including initial results from the project.
Connected Placed Catapult
Synopsis: Verification and validation of AVs is a significant challenge for both industry and regulators, but scenario-based testing has recently emerged as a key component of the solution. This presentation will outline the UK Department for Transport’s MUSICC project, a major initiative that has created an open, secure repository for regulatory scenarios. MUSICC will enable the community to interact with a working system and provide feedback to regulators on how scenario-based testing should fit into a future AV certification framework. The presentation will also cover MUSICC’s scenario representation format (which is built on top of OpenSCENARIO) and scenario management strategy.
partner, transportation and automotive industry team lead
Synopsis: In recent times, all the woes and scandals of the automobile industry have arisen from error states in two areas: safety compliance and product compliance. This won't change with mass autonomy, but the trouble spots will be even harder to identify. This glimpse of the future will give OEMs and Tier 1 suppliers an early sight of the challenges, and will address some of the key steps that could be taken today to avoid these future pitfalls.
Emergent Technology Consultants LLC
Synopsis: What would criminal, contract and tort liability look like in a world with Level 5 autonomous vehicles dominating transit? The benefits and potential consequences of Level 5 saturation will be discussed. Additionally, the likely legal framework for criminal, contract and tort law will be outlined.
Thomas Møller Thomsen
president, Region 1
Synopsis: We are working on a further pillar to our My Car My Data initiative by releasing a study showing that the current models allowing access to vehicle data will potentially entail huge economic costs for European consumers and aftermarket service providers. We are further working on user acceptance of autonomous driving within the ARCADE, AUTOPILOT and L3Pilot projects. Throughout the spring, we will run user acceptance evaluation in six pilot cities in Europe, and measure people's readiness to adopt connected automated driving technology.
Synopsis: We present our methodology for building a safety case for Level 4 driving in an urban environment – in our case initially a fixed-route service in central London and more generally Mobility as a Service in European cities. We elaborate on the key challenges and argue that they give rise to three key safety objectives: safety within the ODD, demonstrating the system’s ability to detect excursions from the ODD, and safety of the Minimal Risk Condition fallback when excursions occur. We describe how we plan to construct a risk-informed safety case that argues safety across these objectives.
Huawei Technologies Düsseldorf GmbH
Synopsis: Controlling vehicle autonomy via an onboard computing and sensing environment, particularly in complex traffic situations, is expected to fail in the short term due to the shortcomings of AI and power demand. In turn, automated networking vehicle fleets for shared mobility can go hand in hand with smart city, smart road and smart infrastructure developments starting in geo-fenced areas. Balanced end-to-end system partitioning, integrating vehicle, roadside units, edge and cloud, will achieve safe and economic operation of automated vehicles by deterministic methods. In contrast, the full autonomous approach for single vehicles will be challenged by the huge demand for anticipating critical traffic situations.
Synopsis: On March 29, 2018, French President Emmanuel Macron announced his plan to turn France into a global leader in AI. This political leadership was subsequently translated into the Villani report on AI, highlighting autonomous vehicle (AV) as a regulatory case study, and the Idrac report on AV. Following these reports, the regulatory framework is currently being amended. This presentation will outline the key changes and how they will affect AV developments in France and in the EU.
Leibniz University Hannover
Synopsis: Autonomous driving raises numerous legal questions that result from the increase in automation as well as from the fact that vehicles can drive without passengers. Due to the missing human driver, there is no possibility of intervention, and various legal aspects must be taken into account. Increasing digitization, connectivity with the environment, data collection and storage lead to further questions. The presentation provides an overview of current legal issues relating to autonomous driving. Keywords are: civil liability, programming, dilemma situation, data protection (GDPR), telecommunication law, police controls, prohibition of Level 1-4 vehicles.
Synopsis: Learn what insurers are doing today to prepare for ADAS and automation, and how new safety technologies will affect motor insurance. Explore the impact of ADAS on claims losses and premiums, including country- and region-specific examples, and which insurers are already adjusting premiums to ADAS. Identify which technologies will have the largest impact on insurance and how risk is calculated, plus implications for new policy types and clauses such as cybersecurity. The presentation will also address the liability question, mapping out how liability changes with automation and explaining where different auto makers and suppliers stand.
patent attorney - partner
Reddie & Grose LLP
Synopsis: Significant investment has been and is being made in the development of autonomous vehicles, and with that comes a desire to protect that investment by way of patents. As such, patent filings provide a good insight into where R&D is being carried out, and therefore into potential future technologies. We will look into the patent filing trends of the incumbent OEMs, but also of the disruptors emerging quickly into the sector from other markets. What will the core technology be, and who might end up with the key patent rights that everyone will need?
Synopsis: Much has been written about the technology required to enable mainstream autonomous vehicle services. The right business model will also be critical to driving the adoption and profitability of autonomous mobility services. In fact, data insights and fleet management skills are prerequisites for success in the next stage of city mobility: autonomous car sharing. This session will review the solid practical experience to be gained from leveraging Mobility as a Service platforms to manage shared mobility programs with electric and Level 4 fleets today. Discussion topics include how to maximize asset utilization with multi-service models, and develop membership growth and retention capability.
Synopsis: We have all been reading in the news about various robotaxi, shuttle bus and fully autonomous vehicle developments, pilots and hype. This presentation covers the vision, the expectations and the current reality of autonomous driving from a critical perspective. As pilots and demos are underway in several countries, it is appropriate to ask when they will really be part of our everyday mobility. This presentation will offer a perspective on this vision and how it connects with technology development, as well as practical experiences taking into account the wider context and a vision of the future of road transportation.
innovative transportation systems program director
Synopsis: Compared with existing transportation systems, autonomous shuttles are a 'new product'; numerous trials are being launched all around the world. Autonomous shuttles have the potential to bring new services that traditional public transport cannot offer: ultra-flexibility (any time, anywhere). But what can they promise? Under what conditions? Do they really fit in the long term? Conversely, bus rapid transit already exists to provide an efficient transportation solution in the urban context, benefiting from dedicated lanes and priority systems, and offering capacity. How can traditional transportation systems benefit from autonomous technology? And with what added value, risk and efficiency?
crash avoidance research engineer
Synopsis: Although there is little to no doubt that full automation will ultimately be a reality, we must ensure that its deployment occurs in a safe and responsible way. From a regulator’s perspective, safety should always remain the paramount priority. As ADAS are leading the way and becoming the norm, we should also ensure that marketing does not mislead consumers and that the various systems’ limitations are communicated clearly. The results of an in-depth all-season analysis of key ADAS features from 45 commercial systems will be presented, and the main safety benefits and concerns associated with partial automation will be discussed.
director - future mobility solutions
Synopsis: The proponents of automated driving normally substantiate their optimism by referring to the fact that about 90% of all road accidents are caused by human error. The mainstream argument is that if we were able to eliminate the major source of error – the driver – 90% of road accidents could be eliminated too. But of course, this argument is far too simple. Referring to a whole set of fundamental patterns regarding human behavior and typical human reactions to technological innovations, it is far more realistic to expect backlash effects that will weaken the principal advantages of automation.
head of global policy, accessibility and underserved communities
Synopsis: Uber is using technology to make transportation accessible and reliable for users with disabilities. In more than 600 cities across 64 countries on six continents, we’re committed to continuing to build solutions that support everyone’s ability to move around their communities. Our digital features are available everywhere and make the platform easier to use for people who are blind, deaf or have cognitive disabilities. And in major markets on four continents, we’re utilizing innovative models to bring wheelchair-accessible vehicles to our platform. Learn how we’re making accessibility a meaningful part of what we do, and help us along the journey.
Synopsis: Although AVs are increasingly seen on our roads, few regulations exist to pave the way for this disruptive technology. Existing laws should therefore be used as examples to support the development of adequate regulatory frameworks worldwide, supporting AV take-up while informing and protecting citizens.
lecturer in Law
University of Exeter
Synopsis: This presentation will discuss some of the insurance law challenges that will be faced in the future for connected and autonomous vehicles. The UK has introduced the Automated and Electric Vehicles Act 2018, although there are more insurance challenges in the future. This presentation will discuss some of the insurance law challenges across a number of jurisdictions.